Work

The Middle East as a Sphere for US-China Cooperation - Journal of Middle Eastern Politics and Policy.pdf
US-China.pdf

U.S.-China Cooperation in the Middle East

The United States’ approach has been to push China out of the Middle East. But this approach is not sustainable. The U.S. cannot keep trying to regulate the Middle East, nor is it to the benefit of Middle Eastern countries. Instead, the U.S. and China should cooperate by leveraging their comparative advantages to make grand strategy gains in their Middle Eastern foreign policy. Both countries share interests in beating terrorism, containing Iran’s nuclear capabilities, preventing Iran from causing chaos in the region, stable oil prices and access to oil, opening up opportunities for economic investment and engagement with Middle Eastern allies, and regional stability.

Published by the Harvard Kennedy School's Journal for Middle Eastern Politics and Policy here.

WC_2022 (5).pdf

Harvard Undergrad. Women in Foreign Policy Conference

The Harvard Undergraduate Women in Foreign Policy Conference on March 5th, 2022 (Saturday before Women's Day) aimed to bring together students in the Cambridge/Boston area on the common interest of empowering women in foreign policy. This event featured opening virtual remarks by Secretary of State Antony Blinken, keynotes such as Biden's Homeland Security Advisor, workshops with experts from State Dept, Dept. of Defense, CIA, NASA, Google and free mentorship meals for participants with Harvard professors.

Kubba_Represent_v2.pdf

Being an Immigrant in National Security

Authored an article published by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) on the dichotomy of being an immigrant in national security.

WMD NSS.pdf
2022NGSS_GirlSecurity.pdf

Artificial Intelligence in Nuclear Weapons

Co-authored a policy paper focusing on analyzing and providing policy recommendations on the emergence of artificial intelligence as a tool in advancing nuclear weapon sophistication. I specialized in Chinese AI development and applications to nuclear technology. I wrote this as a part of my Girl Security National Security Fellowship.

The full published report can be found here and press release here.

HUFPI Packet with Sama Edited (1).pdf
HUIRSP 22 Final Packet.pdf

Harvard Undergraduate International Relations Scholars Program

I cam up with the idea for and coordinated the first foreign policy conference for high school students. In June 2021, the conference welcomed 615 students from 62 different countries around the world.

Across 4 days, I coordinated the presence of 150+ experts, including Leon Panetta, former CIA Director and Secretary of Defense; 25 Department of State Ambassadors and other foreign and civil service officials; 4 former Central Intelligence Agency officers, and 2 Department of Defense personnel from the Pentagon and Office of the Secretary of Defense; and various United Nations representatives, policy advisors, think tank directors, and academics.

In 2022, I was President of the organization behind the conference and guided and supported the new Conference Director.

Kubba, How Countries' Cultures Impact Their COVID-19 Response

The Importance of Culture in Societal Responses to COVID-19

Published by the Harvard Political Review.

We often think of culture as stagnant, but as we evolve to meet the challenges of life, the cultures we nest in evolve with us. COVID-19 presents an opportunity to study the flexibility and adaptability of cultures due to international differences between pandemic responses, on a governmental and societal level.